The European Federation of Geologists (EFG) is pleased to present its position paper on the energy transition. EFG is a professional organisation representing more than 45,000 geoscientists across Europe. The Federation’s main aims are to contribute to a safer and more sustainable use of the natural environment, to protect and inform the public and to promote a more responsible exploitation of natural resources.

As Europe is accelerating the transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy to meet the goals set by the ratified Paris Agreement on climate, the EU will need to develop the means to achieve those ambitious targets. Based on the expertise that professional geologists provide, EFG believes geothermal energy (both shallow and deep geothermal), CO2 capture and mineral extraction are part of the answer to the challenges set out by the climate crisis. All three geological activity areas are developed in our position paper, which can be downloaded via this link.