KNGMG Noord: Lezing januari
KNGMG kring Noord January presentation is titled:
“Gravitational Waves science from LIGO and Virgo to Einstain” and will be presented by Prof. dr. Jo van den Brand (National Institute for Subatomic Physics (Nikhef) and VU University Amsterdam).
Date: Tuesday 8 January 2019, 17:00-18:00; you are welcome from 16:30 onwards. Drinks and some snacks will be available.
Location: NAM office, Room 2J.04 (the “Yellow Room”). If you come from outside the NAM office, please register in advance by sending an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
“The LIGO Virgo Consortium achieved the first detection of gravitational waves. A century after the fundamental predictions of Einstein, we report the first direct observations of binary black hole systems merging to form single black holes. The detected waveforms match the predictions of general relativity for the inspiral and merger of a pair of black holes and the ringdown of the resulting single black hole. Our observations provide unique access to the properties of space-time at extreme curvatures: the strong-field and high velocity regime. It allows unprecedented tests of general relativity for the nonlinear dynamics of highly disturbed black holes. Last year the gravitational waves from the merger of a binary neutron star were observed. This discovery marks the start of multi-messenger astronomy and the aftermath of this merger was studied by using 70 observatories on seven continents and in space, across the electromagnetic spectrum.
The scientific impact of the recent detections will be explained. In addition key technological aspects will be addressed, such as the interferometric detection principle, optics, and sensors and actuators. Attention is paid to the largest challenges in the field, including plans for Einstein Telescope, an instrument that will allow us to observe black hole coalescence in the entire visible Universe. Einstein Telescope will be an underground observatory housing multiple (cryogenic) interferometers for gravitational waves science.”
About Our Speaker:
Jo van den Brand is spokesperson of the Virgo Collaboration. In 1988, he completed his PhD at the University of Amsterdam. His research involved nuclear physics and particle physics, and he held positions at MIT, University of Wisconsin, and Nikhef before he joined the physics faculty at VU University Amsterdam in 2005. He initiated Nikhef’s gravitational physics program in the Netherlands which he directed until 2017. His group has made important instrumentation contributions to the Virgo experiment in Italy, while in parallel carrying out a systematic study in a Bayesian framework of model independent tests of the validity of General Relativity by using gravitational-wave events. He is co-initiator of Einstein Telescope, a proposal for a future gravitational observatory. He was awarded the Physica Prize of The Netherlands’ Physical Society 2017.